Whether you are speaking to a large group, facilitating discussion in a small group, or mentoring an individual, you can never stop improving as a speaker.
“Communication is the real work of leadership.” -Nitin Nohria
WHETHER AT HOME OR ABROAD HERE IS A CROSS-CULTURAL CHECKLIST I USE AS A SPEAKER TO HELP PEOPLE LISTEN & GET SOMETHING OUT OF MY TALKS .
1. OPENING HOOK: Start where your audience is to get their attention. Use stories, etc. (Make sure you start with points of agreement… You want people to say “yes” with you from the get go.)
2. WHY THEY NEED TO KNOW: Use a short phrase to communicate why your audience needs to know what you are about to teach them. Identify a felt need.
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3. DISEQUILIBRIUM: Use a novel illustration, object lesson, or information that casts new perspective on something familiar to your audience.
4. ANTICIPATE: Tell your audience what they are about to learn. If teaching from a biblical passage for example, pick a story with an entire plot: 1) clear conflict, 2) rising action, 3) climax & resolution.
5. PRIME THE PUMP: Share a simple, unique problem to solve. For example, ask a question that is difficult to answer to show group that they have not mastered the subject and have something to learn about this topic. Help them visualize by using props, etc.
6. COACH/TEACH: Try to organize your talk around 2-3 main points and focus on micro-skills on which you can call people to action.
7. ILLUSTRATE: Illustrate or tell story to demonstrate an example of each main point. Vulnerability is essential.
8. DRILL: Involve people with hands-on, tangible exercises if possible. Make observations in the passage you are teaching to show how it shows us how we can practice on this needed skill.
9. DEBRIEF: Creatively present exploratory questions throughout your talk to help people verbalize (to themselves or to someone next to them) what they are learning and what they WANT to do with this new knowledge or skill. If you can get a person’s desire then they are more likely to respond to your call to action.
10. APPLY/REFLECT: Help your audience personally reflect on how this topic effects their everyday lives or situations they face.
11. GENERALIZE TRANSFER: Find a way to motivate the group to transfer what has been learned into their future endeavors. What response do you hope for or expect from your audience? What are the potential spinoffs or benefits from learning this skill or knowledge and taking action on it?
12. EVALUATE: After you’ve given your speech, talk, or seminar, evaluate the strengths, growth areas, questions that arose that require further study so you can improve next time you teach on this topic.
Which one of these 12 points do you feel like is a strength area for you?
Which one is a growth area for you?
Do you have any other helpful resources to share with folks who read this post?
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